Seat Belt Did Not Work In A Car Accident– Who Is At Fault?

Car Accident

Missouri has strict seat belt laws. If you are from Missouri, you must wear your seat belt at all times in an operating vehicle if you are sitting in one of the front seats. There are additional laws for children, where passengers aged 8 to 15 must wear seat belts regardless of where they are sitting in the vehicle. Failing to wear one can result in a traffic ticket. 

However, what happens when your seat belt does not work in the event of a car accident? Suppose you are trying to get out of the car to save yourself from a bad accident, and it does not work. That could result in severe injuries or even death. If you have been one such situation, you may be wondering who is liable for your damages. An attorney can help you identify the potentially liable parties.

Who is liable if your seatbelt did not work?

Both the vehicle and product manufacturer could be at fault in case of a seatbelt malfunction. The seatbelt manufacturer might have done rigorous tests to determine the toughness of the product before releasing it. 

Likewise, car manufacturers also perform safety tests on their vehicles with all the products installed. This means that the seatbelt was tested again in a car crash test. 

Even after successful testing, the product may not have performed well during the actual crash. Many times, the manufacturers had to recall their products because of the defects or problems reported in them. 

In case of a seatbelt failure, manufacturers can also be sued for punitive or compensatory damages. Your medical expenses, hospital bills, or any other losses are covered in compensatory damages. 

However, punitive damages serve to punish the offender for making a faulty product and prevent him from making the same mistake again in the future.

When do seatbelts malfunction?

According to the law, the installation of properly working seat belts in cars is the duty of the automobile manufacturer, and it is the responsibility of drivers and passengers to wear them. You may be able to file a product liability case if your seatbelt malfunctions during an accident. 

If the seatbelt breaks or the buckle becomes loose and causes more severe injuries than you would have if the seatbelt worked, you can file a lawsuit. Car manufacturers sometimes issue recall letters when they come to know that a component in one of their models has been reported to malfunction in order to protect themselves from product liability claims. 

Defective seat belts can result in a number of problems. These are as follows:

  • Defective latches.
  • Inadequate straps.
  • Design problems.
  • Tension failure.
  • Inadequate passive restraint.

If a seatbelt failure resulted in your severe injuries, hire an attorney today to know whose fault it was!

Seatbelts can malfunction due to several reasons, but thankfully they are uncommon occurrences. Here are some of the situations where seatbelt malfunctions might happen:

  • Manufacturing defects: Errors during the manufacturing process can create weak spots or faulty mechanisms in the seatbelt webbing, buckle, or retractor. These defects might not be readily apparent and could fail during an accident.
  • Improper wear and tear: Over time, seatbelts can experience wear and tear that affects their performance. This could include frayed webbing, loose stitching, or malfunctioning retractor mechanisms due to age and use.
  • Improper installation or repair: If a seatbelt is not installed or repaired correctly, it may not function properly in a crash. This is why it’s crucial to have professionals handle seatbelt maintenance and never modify them yourself.
  • Design flaws: In rare cases, there might be design flaws in a particular seatbelt model that could lead to malfunctions under certain circumstances. These flaws are usually identified and addressed by car manufacturers through recalls.

Here are some specific types of seatbelt malfunctions:

  • Latch failure: The buckle might not latch securely or could become unlatched during a crash due to a faulty mechanism.
  • Retractor failure: The retractor, which is responsible for taking up slack in the belt and keeping you snug, might malfunction and allow excessive slack, reducing the belt’s effectiveness.
  • Webbing tears: The webbing itself could tear under extreme pressure during a crash, compromising its ability to restrain you.

It’s important to note that even a malfunctioning seatbelt can offer some level of protection in a crash compared to no restraint at all. However, a properly functioning seatbelt significantly increases your chances of surviving a serious accident.

Here are some tips for preventing seatbelt malfunctions:

  • Always wear your seatbelt properly. Ensure it’s snug across your hips and chest, not your stomach.
  • Inspect your seatbelt regularly for signs of wear and tear. Look for fraying, tears, or loose stitching.
  • Get your seatbelts checked by a qualified mechanic during routine car maintenance.
  • Be aware of seatbelt recalls. You can check the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) website for information on recalled seatbelts:


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